Friday, May 31, 2019
bilingual education was first initiated in 1968. It was a new means to educate the children who spoke a nonage language. thirty-one years later the identical problems exist for those children who speak a language other then English. The experiment of Bilingual education has been a also-ran and now its time to move on. The first English only initiatives were brought forth in 1981 by newly elected president Reagan. Since then the involution over Bilingual education has drove on. Currently twenty-three states have English Only laws with 4 states having laws that are pending. The issue of bilingual education and the contrast that surrounds it is primarily focused between whites and Hispanics, although since the mid 70s its also been involved with the Chinese and Mung cultures. Bilingual education has failed however, currently the suit is towards and English only educational system. The simple fact of the military issue is that people who speak a language in this country will never perish ahead. Weve tested the ignorant notion that you could get by without speaking English or speaking English very minimally, but thats promoting and even more(prenominal) ignorant idea which is that you dont need speak English fluently to succeed in America. In 1968 we didnt know that Bilingual nurture wouldnt work, however, its time to move on and do the right thing and switch to English Only. Lyndon Johnson was president, we had the futile dream of world peace, at the same time we were Bombing the North Vietnamese into the stone-age. In the final year of LBJs presidency sever new education initives were taken as routine of the last step in his Great Society programs. One of these new initives was Bilingual education. At the time it was supported by the Liberal whites in this country, for the almost part the conservative Hispanic sect was opposed to such measures. The idea at the time was, kids would learn in their native language and simply natural selection up English gradually. Those ideas were radicalized in the 1970s however, the premise moved away from gradual learning of English to English wasnt really necessary. In 1981 Bilingual education came under assault from newly elected president Reagan proposed moving to the English Only system. The idea wasnt viewed as Anti-Hispanic at the time, or as some kind of racist proposal. Reagan was adored by a majority of th... ...and since 1908 printed exclusively in English by the United States Government. Teddy Roosevelt said in 1908 that To print the American Constitution in any other language but English, would be like spitting in the face of our forefathers. The Untied States self-governing Court has also ruled numerous times that English only laws do not violate the 1st amendment of our Constitution.I personally believe that in our nation there needs to be a main language, not 3 or 4 or 1200. George Washington wasnt giving orders at Valley Forge in Russian he was speaking English. Abe Lincoln did nt give the Gettysburgh Address in Portuguese. Its not to much to intercommunicate for every American citizen to be able to speak English fluently. No one is forced to live here, and if you refuse to adapt you probably shouldnt be living here. If you want to speak German by all means go ahead and do so, but do it back in Germany. plot of ground youre in America however, we speak English, and if you dont know it youre in trouble. The conflict is over rated. Its not a matter of racism or of any other kind of hatred. Its a simple matter of principle. Americans speak English its not to much to ask.
Thursday, May 30, 2019
Mummification is the form of embalming practiced by the ancientEgyptians. The mummification process changed over time from the Old Kingdom, when only kings could be mummified to the natural Kingdom, in which everyone could be mummified. The entire process of mummification to be completed took 70 days. After a soundbox was delivered to the per nefer, which is where the embalmers conducted their tasks. The first thing that was done was put the decedent on a slanted table.The first thing that needed to be removed was the soft, moist body parts that would cause decay. As the embalmers removed these parts, stock certificate and other bodily fluids came out and went down the table being collected into a bowl. During the old and Middle Kingdoms, the brain was left in the head, in which it in force(p) dried up over time. When these mummies are moved you can hear the hardened pieces of the brain rolling around in the mummies head. Then in the New Kingdom, the embalmers started removing the brain. They would break open the bone that separates the nasal cavity from the brain cavity. They did this by shoving a sharp instrument up the nose. After they broke the bone, the embalmers used a hook to either take the brain out piece by piece, or used the hook to stir the brain until it was liquefied. If it was liquefied they would turn the body face down so that the brain would spill out of the nostrils. The reason the Egyptians were so rough with the brain because they didnt think that the brain had...
Wednesday, May 29, 2019
Educational Philosophy Websters dictionary defines the word educate as to develop and cultivate mentally or morally train instruct teach. I would like to be someone who educates because educators, or teachers, second people and turn over an influence over their students. A teacher is someone who earns respect and is looked up to by others. I want to be a teacher because I want to be able to help people and make an impact on someones life. When I become a teacher, I want to have an orderly and structured classroom. I want the children in my class to be comfortable and in the best environment for learning. When the children come into the gymnasium, I want them to go into the locker room and conk dressed to participate and come out and line up on a certain spot, which is assigned to them. Hopefully, by lining them up it will disapprove discrimination and let the children make new friends. The walls in the gymnasium and the locker room will display all the rules and procedures of the class, the gymnasium, the locker room, and the school. It will also have the policies and various procedures of the school for the students to refer to. The activities will be appropriate. I will inform the students as to where and when equipment is and used. I will inform them as to when it is appropriate to pretend the equipment out and to put it back in its place. I see myself as a progressive teacher according to my styles of teaching. I will establish a non-authoritarian classroom. This nastys that I will be asking my students for help in making the rules and consequences for the gymnasium. We will decide the severity of the rule that was broken and match it with an every bit severe punishment. We will decide as a group what kind of organization we will have in the gymnasium. There will be incentives for sober behavior in physical education class. Rewards will vary for many reasons, such as weather, time of year, time, etc. I will inform my students as to what type of teaching style I liked when I was in school and ask them for their opinions on what type they would like, however that does not necessarily mean I will use what they suggest. I might integrate some of their suggestions into my own teaching style.
My First KissKissing a watermelon? No, Ive never been THAT desperate. My child Amy went on to tell me about her friend who dared to do such a feat. Did it help? I asked. We dont know She hasnt flattered a received guy yet Amy and I burst into a fit of giggles, and I realized how being in the company of my younger sister regressed me to her awkward, girlish ut just about school age. I had forgotten, until this bedside 200 a.m. conversation, how I used to be obsessed with popularity and sports cars, and how I daydreamed of my first kiss. But Amy had much more experience than I did at her age. She and her friends had passed their adolescent initiation of first kissesat least the kind on the lips. In the back of the CHURCH van? With everyone watching? Where did he kiss you? On the LIPS she squealed. Amys excitement and anxiety about kissing ignited a rush of memories. How I used to romanticize about first kissing person I thought that I would be in a long flowing gown, and the handsome young man would bring me flowers, and ask to court me. Our kiss would be done on the porch, under an encouraging moon and a harmony of stars. Or maybe I would be in a MacDonalds, and the most good-looking guy Id ever seen would come to my table, buy me a hot fudge sundae, and he give me a kiss when he walked me to my car. Ah, the kiss was exciting to think about as well. I had no idea what it would be like, but I knew it would feel wonderful. This quick pucker and carry through would be my initiation into womanhood, somehow setting me apart from other girls who could barely fill a bra or who, as rumors went, practiced kissing by mutilating fruit. A rite of passage, a first romance, yes. But my girlish head had set itself upon one quest I would be truly in slam with the young man I first
Tuesday, May 28, 2019
Our species have been hunter-gatherers for most of the time we have existed on the Earth. The people of the Paleolithic accomplishment adapted themselves to the environment of the time, taking victuals as and when it was available and hunted game which resulted in a high percentage of their food being meat. tell suggests that before the end of the Paleolithic period, hunters would have noted the migratory patterns of the herds they hunted and learned which plants were nutritious and not poisonous. Fruits, vegetables, nuts, and berries where gathered when in season and, being nomadic, they followed the sources of food quite than growing crops. Learning to control fire helped them adapt to their environment, both by providing a source of warmth and safety (extending the temperate range in which they could survive) and by making food more palatable and appetising. (I. Kuijt, pp. 103-107)Approximately Twelve thousand years ago the most recent Ice Age retreated. The herds of tumesce nt cold-climate animals moved north and our ancestors had to change their habits in order to survive. As the more southern locations warmed, some hunter-gatherers found enough food to support the group nearsighted distances from their camps. These food plants attracted a wide variety of smaller game such as horse and rabbit. Conditions around the major river systems in warm climates were favourable to settlements, since these areas had commensurate food available for survival year round. Evidence suggests that at this time settled life and the deliberate cultivation of food plants began in five contrastive parts of the world Euphrates, and the Nile rivers the Indus River in the northern Indian subcontinent in China on the Yellow River the Fertile Crescent area in West Asia along the Tigris in sub-Saharan Africa and the Niger River system and in Central America. (http//ragz-international.com/ancient_civilization.htm)The change to settlement from nomadic living marked the beginnin g of the Neolithic period. The people now produced food, rather than procuring it, they no longer adapted themselves to their environment, but adapted their environment to them. This involved actions as simple as weeding around food plants, bringing water to the plants during ironic periods, and planting seeds so that food grew in a more convenient location. Settled life meant food could be stored as a reserve for times... ...This archaean farming resulted in the extended kinship networks and economic trade systems that existed as late as the industrial revolution. It affected our culture and changed our drives making us territorial and materialistic, but it also created the hierarchical systems that allowed cooperation within our species beyond that normal in the anima kingdom. It was this cooperation that allowed us to change the world our species lived in, giving us the abilities needed to dominate the planet. Bibliography(1959) R. Redfield The gross World and its Transforma tions Great Seal Books, New York(1991) R. L. Bettinger Hunter-Gatherers Archaeological and Evolutionary Theory Plenum Press, New York(1995) Hansen international world history project http//ragz-international.com/ancient_civilization.htm Accessed On 30102003(2000) I. Kuijt Life in Neolithic Farming Communities Social Organization, Identity and Differentiation Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers, New York (Sept 2001) R H Steckel et al A History of Health in atomic number 63 from the Late Paleolithic to the Present a Research Proposal (online- http//global.sbs.ohio-state.edu/docs/Proposal-09-03-01.pdf accessed on 30102003)
Our species have been hunter-gatherers for most of the time we have existed on the Earth. The people of the Paleolithic period competent themselves to the environment of the time, taking aliment as and when it was available and hunted game which resulted in a high percentage of their provender being meat. Evidence suggests that forward the end of the Paleolithic period, hunters would have noted the migratory patterns of the herds they hunted and learned which plants were nutritious and not poisonous. Fruits, vegetables, nuts, and berries where gathered when in season and, being nomadic, they followed the sources of food instead than growing crops. Learning to control fire helped them adapt to their environment, both by providing a source of warmth and safety (extending the temperate range in which they could survive) and by making food more palatable and appetising. (I. Kuijt, pp. 103-107)Approximately Twelve thousand years ago the most recent Ice Age retreated. The herds of la rge cold-climate animals travel north and our ancestors had to change their habits in order to survive. As the more southern locations warmed, some hunter-gatherers found enough food to support the group short distances from their camps. These food plants attracted a wide variety of smaller game such as horse and rabbit. Conditions around the major river systems in warm climates were favourable to settlements, since these areas had sufficient food available for survival year round. Evidence suggests that at this time settled life and the deliberate cultivation of food plants began in five different split of the world Euphrates, and the Nile rivers the Indus River in the northern Indian subcontinent in China along the Yellow River the Fertile Crescent area in West Asia along the Tigris in sub-Saharan Africa and the Niger River system and in Central America. (http//ragz-international.com/ancient_civilization.htm)The change to settlement from nomadic living marked the beginning of the neolithic period. The people now produced food, rather than procuring it, they no longer adapted themselves to their environment, only if adapted their environment to them. This involved actions as simple as weeding around food plants, bringing water to the plants during dry periods, and plant seeds so that food grew in a more convenient location. Settled life meant food could be stored as a reserve for times... ...This early state resulted in the extended kinship networks and economic trade systems that existed as late as the industrial revolution. It affected our culture and changed our drives making us territorial and materialistic, but it also created the hierarchical systems that allowed cooperation within our species beyond that normal in the anima kingdom. It was this cooperation that allowed us to change the world our species lived in, giving us the abilities needed to dominate the planet. Bibliography(1959) R. Redfield The Primitive beingness and its Transformations Gr eat Seal Books, New York(1991) R. L. Bettinger Hunter-Gatherers Archaeological and Evolutionary Theory Plenum Press, New York(1995) Hansen international world history project http//ragz-international.com/ancient_civilization.htm Accessed On 30102003(2000) I. Kuijt Life in Neolithic Farming Communities Social Organization, Identity and Differentiation Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers, New York (Sept 2001) R H Steckel et al A History of Health in Europe from the young Paleolithic to the Present a Research Proposal (online- http//global.sbs.ohio-state.edu/docs/Proposal-09-03-01.pdf accessed on 30102003)
Monday, May 27, 2019
In Ann-Marie MacDonalds Goodnight Desdemona (Good Morning Juliet), the audience is swept into the playful subconscious of the protagonist, Constance Ledbelly. Before she speaks, her imaginative nature is introduced by way of deed I, The Prologue. The chorus enters giving an intriguing monologue in which the number 1 stages of an exciting vicissitude begin to unfold. The Prologue is so utilizationful in that it gives indications of plot, theme, conflict and so on. alone of which carry a heavy dramatic significance. However, Ann-Marie Macdonald suggests that the biggest use of The Prologue is in developing the character of Constance.The chorus begins by asking Whats alchemy? The hoax of charlatans? (5) In other words, is alchemy a transformation of base metals into gold, or just the trick of a fraud or phony? Can such transformation exist, not just in the mind, but also in reality? Such a statement indicates that there shall be a changing of sorts. This channel is absorbn litera lly as Constances fountain pen is later(prenominal) transformed to solid gold. But this change is also seen as a transformation of character. From something plain, to something miraculous. Constance begins as a flighty, insecure, and somewhat foolish daydreamer. Some might call her a push-over. She is full of eccentricities and is not taken too seriously, dressed in her frumpy clothes. However, later after her encounters with Desdemona and Juliet, she becomes strong and opinionated. She opens herself to the possibility of embarrassment and mochary by speaking her mind, and interfering where she deems fit. The Prologue gives the audience a clue of the changes Constance leave endure. Thus setting up her character.In The Prologue the chorus speaks of opposites coming together. He mentions the merging of unconscious selves and the marriage of true minds.(6) These unconscious selves perhaps argon actually Desdemona and Juliet living within Constances unconscious. They are parts of her . Desdemona represents the driven and somewhat violent side, and Juliet is the hopeless romantic side of Constance. These devil selves are about to be brought together and made aware to Constance for the first time. Unite these lurking shards ofbroken glass into a mirror that reflects one soul. (6) The chorus says to bring together these two sides of Constance in a way that she will see they are her own within herself.Two references are made to the Philosophers Stone in The Prologue. This is yet another indication of change. The Philosophers Stone was at one time believed to turn other metals into gold. The chorus announces the Gustav Manuscript as the key to Constances Philosophers Stone. Here is the key to her Philosophers Stone the psychic altar that will alter fate. (6) Constance uses the manuscript, and her forced exploration of two of Shakespeares plays, (Othello, Romeo and Juliet), to discover herself. The manuscript and the events in it lead to Constances journey of self discovery. She accepts her likeness to the characters of Desdemona and Juliet. She realizes that the three of them are all one in the same.Gemini is the sign of twins and is often associated with split personalities. Also having two different sides to one. After removing the discard items from the wastebasket and regenerate them on Constances desk, the chorus says, Swift Mercury, that changing element, portrayed as Gemini, hermaphrodite and twin, now steers the stars of Constance Ledbelly, and offers her a double-edged re-birthday. (6) Another tease that Constances two sides that will soon come together, and be revealed to her.Act I, The Prologue is full of dramatic significance. However it seems to be directly related to the characterization of Constance Ledbelly. By toying with the use of metaphors and clever wit, Ann-Marie MacDonald fully succeeds in her use of The Prologue to set up the main character of her play.
Sunday, May 26, 2019
Edward FitzGeralds Translation. 1 Awake for Morning in the Bowl of Night Has flung the St angiotensin-converting enzyme that puts the Stars to Flight And Lo the Hunter of the East has caught The Sultans Turret in a gin of Light. 2 Dreaming when Dawns Left Hand was in the Sky I heard a Voice inside the Tavern cry, Awake, my Little angiotensin-converting enzymes, and fill the shape earlier purports Liquor in its Cup be dry. 3 And, as the Cock crew, those who stood before The Tavern shoutedOpen then the Door You turn in how little while we have to stay, And, once dep dodgeed, whitethorn return no more. 4 Now the New Year reviving grizzly Desires, The thoughtful somebody to Solitude retires,Where the WHITE HAND OF MOSES on the Bough Puts out, and Jesus from the Ground suspires. ***** 5 Iram indeed is gone with all its rose wine, And Jamshyds Sevn-ringd Cup where no one knows barely serene the Vine her ancient Ruby yields, And still a tend by the Water blows. 6 And Davids Lip s are lockt but in divine High piping Pehlevi, with wine-colo ruby-red Wine Wine Red Wine the Nightingale cries to the Rose That yellow Cheek of hers to incarnadine. 7 Come, fill the Cup, and in the Fire of Spring The Winter prune of Repentance fling The Bird of Time has but a little way To flyand Lo the Bird is on the Wing. And looka thousand Blossoms with the twenty-four hour period Wokeand a thousand scatterd into Clay And this first pass Month that brings the Rose Shall take Jamshyd and Kaikobad away. ***** 9 But sustain with old Khayyam, and leave the Lot Of Kaikobad and Kaikhosru forgot allow Rustum lay about him as he will, Or Hatim Tai cry Supperheed them non. 10 With me along some Strip of herbaceous plantage strown That just divides the empty from the sown, Where name of Slave and Sultan scarce is known, And pity Sultan Mahmud on his Throne. 11 Here with a Loaf of Bread beneath the Bough, A flaskful of Wine, a Book of Verseand ThouBeside me singing in the Wilderness And Wilderness is heaven enow. 12 How sweet is mortal Sovranty think some OthersHow blest the Paradise to come Ah, take the Cash in hand and waive the Rest Oh, the brave Music of a distant Drum ***** 13 Look to the Rose that blows about usLo, Laughing, she says, into the World I blow At once the silken Tassel of my Purse Tear, and its Treasure on the Garden throw. 14 The Worldly fancy men set their Hearts upon Turns Ashesor it prospers and anon, Like Snow upon the Deserts dusty formulation Lighting a little Hour or twois gone. 15And those who husbanded the rosy Grain, And those who flung it to the tinges like Rain, Alike to no such aureate cosmos are turnd As, interred once, Men want dug up again. 16 Think, in this batterd caravan inn Whose Doorways are alternate Night and Day, How Sultan after Sultan with his Pomp Abode his Hour or two, and went his way. ***** 17 They say the Lion and the Lizard progress The Courts where Jamshyd gloried and drank deep And Bahram, that g reat Hunterthe Wild Ass Stamps oer his Head, and he lies fast asleep. 18 I sometimes think that never so red The Rose as where some buried Caesar bled That every Hyacinth the Garden wearsDropt in its Lap from some once lovely Head. 19 And this delightful Herb whose tender Green Fledges the Rivers Lip on which we lean Ah, lean upon it lightly for who knows From what once lovely Lip it springs unseen 20 Ah, my Beloved, fill the Cup that clears TO-DAY of ult Regrets and future Fears To-morrow? Why, To-morrow I may be Myself with Yesterdays Sevn Thousand Years. ***** 21 Lo some we loved, the loveliest and best That Time and Fate of all their Vintage prest, Have wino their Cup a Round or two before, And one by one crept silently to Rest. 22 And we, that now firebrand merry in the RoomThey left, and Summer dresses in new Bloom, Ourselves must we beneath the Couch of Earth Descend, ourselves to make a Couchfor whom? 23 Ah, make the most of what we yet may spend, Before we too into the D ust descend Dust into Dust, and under Dust, to lie, Sans Wine, sans Song, sans Singer, andsans End 24 Alike for those who for TO-DAY prepare, And those that after a TO-MORROW stare, A Muezzin from the Tower of Darkness cries Fools your return is neither Here nor There ***** 25 Why, all the Saints and Sages who discussd Of the Two Worlds so learnedly, are thrust Like foolish Prophets forth their Words to ScornAre scatterd, and their Mouths are stopt with Dust. 26 Oh, come with old Khayyam, and leave the Wise To talk one thing is certain, that Life flies One thing is certain, and the Rest is Lies The Flower that once has pursy for ever dies. 27 Myself when young did eagerly frequent Doctor and Saint, and heard great Argument About it and about but evermore Came out by the same Door as in I went. 28 With them the Seed of Wisdom did I sow, And with my own hand labourd it to grow And this was all the Harvest that I reapd I came like Water, and like Wind I go. ***** 29 Into this Unive rse, and why not knowing,Nor whence, like Water willy-nilly flowing And out of it, as Wind along the Waste, I know not whither, willy-nilly blowing. 30 What, without asking, hither hurried whence? And, without asking, whither hurried hence Another and another Cup to flood out The Memory of this Impertinence 31 Up from Earths Centre through the Seventh Gate I rose, and on the Throne of Saturn sate, And many Knots unraveld by the Road But not the Knot of Human Death and Fate. 32 There was a Door to which I found no Key There was a haze over past which I could not see Some little Talk awhile of ME and THEE There seemedand then no more of THEE and ME. **** 33 Then to the cast Heavn itself I cried, Asking, What Lamp had Destiny to guide Her little Children stumbling in the Dark? AndA blind Understanding Heavn replied. 34 Then to this earthen Bowl did I draw off My Lip the secret Well of Life to learn And Lip to Lip it murmurdWhile you peppy Drink for once dead you never shall retu rn. 35 I think the Vessel, that with fugitive Articulation answerd, once did live, And merry-make and the cold Lip I kissd How many Kisses might it takeand give 36 For in the Market-place, one downfall of Day, I watchd the Potter thumping his wet ClayAnd with its all obliterated Tongue It murmurdGently, Brother, gently, pray ***** 37 Ah, fill the Cupwhat boots it to repeat How Time is steal underneath our Feet Unborn TO-MORROW, and dead YESTERDAY, Why fret about them if TO-DAY be sweet 38 One Moment in Annihilations Waste, One Moment, of the Well of Life to taste The Stars are setting and the Caravan Starts for the Dawn of NothingOh, make haste 39 How long, how long, in infinite Pursuit Of This and That endeavour and dispute? die be merry with the fruitful Grape Than sadden after none, or bitter, Fruit. 40 You know, my Friends, how long since in my HouseFor a new Marriage I did make Carouse Divorced old barren Reason from my Bed, And took the Daughter of the Vine to Spouse. *** ** 41 For IS and IS-NOT though with Rule and Line, And UP-AND-DOWN without, I could define, I yet in all I only cared to know, Was never deep in anything butWine. 42 And lately, by the Tavern Door agape, Came stealing through the Dusk an Angel Shape armorial bearing a Vessel on his Shoulder and He bid me taste of it and twasthe Grape 43 The Grape that can with Logic absolute The Two-and-Seventy jarring Sects disprove The subtle Alchemist that in a Trice Lifes leaden Metal into Gold transmute. 4 The mighty Mahmud, the victorious Lord, That all the misbelieving and black Horde Of Fears and Sorrows that infest the someone Scatters and slays with his enchanted Sword. ***** 45 But leave the Wise to wrangle, and with me The Quarrel of the Universe let be And, in some corner of the Hubbub coucht, Make plot of ground of that which makes as much of Thee. 46 For in and out, above, about, below, Tis nothing but a Magic Shadow-show, Playd in a Box whose Candle is the Sun, Round which we Phan tom Figures come and go. 47 And if the Wine you deglutition, the Lip you press, End in the Nothing all Things end in YesThen fancy while Thou art, Thou art but what Thou shalt beNothingThou shalt not be less. 48 While the Rose blows along the River Brink, With old Khayyam the Ruby Vintage drink And when the Angel with his darker Draught Draws up to Theetake that, and do not shrink. ***** 49 Tis all a Chequer-board of Nights and Days Where Destiny with Men for Pieces plays Hither and thither moves, and mates, and slays, And one by one substantiate in the Closet lays. 50 The Ball no Question makes of Ayes and Noes, But Right or Left, as strikes the Player goes And He that tossd Thee down into the Field, *He* knows about it allHe knowsHE knows 1 The Moving Finger writes and, having writ, Moves on nor all thy Piety nor Wit Shall lure it back to cancel half a Line, Nor all thy Tears wash out a Word of it. 52 And that inverted Bowl we call The Sky, Whereunder crawling coopt we live and die, Lift not thy hands to *It* for helpfor It Rolls impotently on as Thou or I. ***** 53 With Earths first Clay They did the get going Mans knead, And then of the Last Harvest sowd the Seed Yea, the first Morning of Creation wrote What the Last Dawn of Reckoning shall read. 54 I tell Thee thisWhen, starting from the Goal, Over the shoulders of the flaming FoalOf Heavn Parvin and Mushtara they flung, In my predestind Plot of Dust and Soul 55 The Vine had struck a Fibre which about If clings my Beinglet the Sufi flout Of my Base Metal may be filed a Key, That shall unlock the Door he howls without 56 And this I know whether the one True Light, Kindle to Love, or Wrathconsume me quite, One Glimpse of It within the Tavern caught Better than in the Temple lost outright. ***** 57 Oh, Thou, who didst with Pitfall and with Gin Beset the Road I was to wander in, Thou wilt not with Predestination round Enmesh me, and impute my Fall to Sin? 58 Oh, Thou, who Man of baser Earth didst make,And who with Eden didst devise the Snake For all the Sin wherewith the Face of Man Is blackend, Mans Forgiveness giveand take KUZA-NAMA (Book of Pots. ) 59 Listen again. One Evening at the Close Of Ramazan, ere the better Moon arose, In that old Potters Shop I stood alone With the clay Population round in Rows. 60 And, strange to tell, among that Earthen Lot Some could articulate, while others not And short one more impatient cried Who *is* the Potter, pray, and who the Pot? ***** 61 Then express anotherSurely not in vain My Substance from the common Earth was taen, That He who subtly wrought me into Shape Should stamp me back to common Earth again. 62 Another saidWhy, neer a peevish Boy, Would crock up the Bowl from which he drank in Joy Shall He that *made* the Vessel in pure Love And Fancy, in an after Rage destroy 63 None answerd this but after Silence spake A Vessel of a more ungainly Make They sneer at me for learning all skew-whiff What did the Hand then of the Potter shak e? 64 Said oneFolk of a surly Tapster tell And daub his Visage with the mint of Hell They talk of some strict Testing of usPish Hes a Good Fellow, and t will all be well. ***** 65 Then said another with a long-drawn Sigh, My Clay with long oblivion is gone dry But, fill me with the old familiar Juice, Methinks I might recover by-and-bye 66 So while the Vessels one by one were speaking, One spied the little Crescent all were seeking And then they joggd each other, Brother Brother Hark to the Porters Shoulder-knot a-creaking 67 Ah, with the Grape my fading Life provide, And wash my Body whence the Life has died, And in the Windingsheet of Vine-leaf wrapt, So bury me by some sweet Garden-side. 68 That evn my buried Ashes such a Snare Of Perfume shall fling up into the Air, As not a True Believer passing by But shall be overtaken unaware. ***** 9 Indeed the Idols I have loved so long Have done my Credit in Mens Eye much violate Have drownd my Honour in a shallow Cup, And sold my R eputation for a Song. 70 Indeed, indeed, Repentance oft before I sworebut was I sober when I swore? And then and then came Spring, and Rose-in-hand My thread-bare Penitence apieces tore. 71 And much as Wine has playd the Infidel And robbd me of my Robe of Honourwell, I often call into question what the Vintners buy One half so precious as the Goods they sell. 72 Alas, that Spring should vanish with the Rose That Youths sweet-scented Manuscript should close The Nightingale that in the Branches sang,Ah, whence, and whither flown again, who knows ***** 73 Ah Love could thou and I with Fate conspire To grasp this sorry Scheme of Things entire, Would not we shatter it to bitsand then Re-mould it nearer to the Hearts Desire 74 Ah, Moon of my Delight who Knowst no wane The Moon of Heavn is rising once again How oft hereafter rising shall she look Through this same Garden after mein vain 75 And when Thyself with shining Foot shall pass Among the Guests Star-scatterd on the Grass, And in th y joyous Errand reach the Spot Where I made oneturn down an empty Glass TAMAM SHUD (It is completed. )
Saturday, May 25, 2019
In this age of epic, fantasy, scientific fictions and other creative stories, mass are sometimes bound to forget the best things lay down in the past, the origin of everything that we are enjoying now. One of the best examples is the literary masterpieces that can be found way back a long time ago.William Shakespeares works are considered one of the best ideas of all time. His works might have been millenniums ago, except are still passed generations to generations due to its all time effect and appeal to all the people at any age. Some of his famous works are the forbidden love of Romeo and Julie, the power of Macbeth, and of course, the Othello.Othello is a story that revolves about how love can grow deadly and fierce. Indeed, love is a precious thing that is sometimes shadowed by jealousy and betrayal. Racism is also tackled on the story, the story has shown a how a simple skin color can widely see ones whole life.The story circulated on the life of the major character Othell o, he is greatly described nowadays this wayA portentous Moor, in the service of the Venetian State, Othello is introduced to us in the very first scene by the term Moor, when Iago complains that Othello has made Cassio his lieutenant and not him. We also learn from Iago that Othello has a relationship with the fair Desdemona. Respected by the Duke of Venice, who is the first to address him byGulin 2name (Othello in Act I, context III) and who sends for him when Cypress is threatened by Turkish forces, Othello is continuously described by his critics (Brabantio, Iago) as a Moor a reference to his dark skinned appearance and a reference to the race of Muslim peoples of north-western Africa to which Othello belongs.Othello to sum it all up is a simple African prince who lives together with his family on Europe. On his stay on the premises of Europe, he had become a Venetian military with the rank as general. Being a soldier, he got to help other people in need, thus, making him mor e a bit more knowledgeable than other people with regards to women. In the middle of the story, Othello and Desdemona, the daughter of Barbatio, will eventually be conjoin with each other.Othello can best symbolize men who are undergoing discrimination in the society just because their skin color is darker than other people, a position they would have never meant to be. But indeed, despite of all this betrayals that succumbs his whole personality and lies of the people around him, he still manage to show his wife Desdemona his exacting and true over just like any other man unto his wife.The story Othello is now known to be the mother of all modern romp due to its mass appeal and timely story.Works Citedhttp//absoluteshakespeare.com/guides/othello/othello.htm plot summary of Othello
Friday, May 24, 2019
A crime is an act or an omission which contravenes the laid down rules of a given country. (J cardinals, 2008) This then follows a punishment imposed by the same law which has been contravened. Crime can also be defined as a disruption of the normal neighborly order in the society. (David, 2005)Whichever definition one may opt to use, it is clear that a crime is a vice in the society and all measures must be taken to contain the same. Having defined what constitutes a crime, the next question that comes into our minds is, why do people engage in crime? Of what benefits is it to be pertain in criminal activities? This paper takes an in-depth look as to the various reasons why people involve themselves in crime. Most importantly this paper shall focus on how exactly an individual gets into crime and basically the pathway to crime.A random survey was taken in 1997 from the streets and separate criminals were asked why they opted to engage themselves in criminal activities. rough sai d they did it due to desperation and lack of money, others said they found it being an easy way of getting money without tiring.To others criminal activities were a means by which they earned their living while to others they did it out of stress and depression. To some others they were pressured and influenced by their peers and before they realized it they were already in crime. To some people crime was a way of avenging themselves against people who meet wronged them. (David, 2005)As already mentioned individuals engage in crime for several reasons. Some individuals will therefore get out of crime if the chemical element that is catalyzing their involvement in criminal activities ceases to exist.For instance if a person engages in crime due to stress and depression, if the depression is dealt with medically or otherwise it hence mean that the particular individual will no longer continue in crime as the factor that was influencing his/her involvement in crime no longer exists. It is surprising however to note that not every criminal will get out of criminal activities even when the factor that was influencing his criminal activities ceases to exist. This one therefore means that there are people who are spirit head for the hills offenders and will always be involved in crime disregardless of their situation.This in essence means that there are two categories of people. These are the desisters also known as adolescent- especial(a) offenders and persisters also known as life course persistent offenders. It is important to differentiate these two groups so as to know how to deal with each. Adolescent limited offenders as the phrase suggests have their criminal activities limited to the adolescent age.This is the age bracket after which they quite engagement in criminal activities. Adolescent limited offenders do not extend their criminal activities into adulthood. (Jones, 2008) Psychologists have confirmed that most youth engage in a lot of antisocial beh avior during their adolescence. This however fades as they continue to mature.On the other hand life course persistent offenders demonstrate antisocial behavior however mild from childhood all the way to adulthood. (Jones, 2008) These two groups must therefore be dealt with differently. In dealing with desisters it is important that they are made aware of the consequences of their actions and guided so that they may reform.Psychologists also indicate that parents of desisters and the society at large should be cagey so as not to brand them as criminals as this may have a psychological impact on them. It is also important to notice warning them and eventually they will become law abiding citizens.It is very vital to identify the life course offenders or the persisters early enough so as to be able to deal with them effectively. There are various ways of dealing with this group which include institutional training, finding a blood line for them to do so that they may not be idle. O ccasionally these offenders may go for counseling or be put on probation as a correctional method.In conclusion therefore it is important to identify and differentiate the two types of criminals that there are in order to deal with them effectively.BibliographyFarrington David P (2005) Integrated learning and Life Course Theories of Offending London, Transaction PublishersJones David (2008) Understanding criminal behavior Psychosocial approaches to criminality, New York, William Publishing
Thursday, May 23, 2019
The term desegregation is inserted in skillful document, e-mail messages, correspondence, proposals, and plain causal conversations. After many years of project work, and many misunderstandings and failed meetings and workshops, it stern only be stated that the word has multiple and misunderstood meanings. For technical newsprints (research and trade), the term must be provided with context, or it is impossible to have a meaningful conversation. Next, multiple alternative definitions (that atomic number 18 valid in the literature for the enchant context) are presented and explained in some detail.Research limitations/implications The paper is not exhaustive, since new definitions of integrating may exist or may emerge. Originality/value The main contribution of the paper is that it yields clarity on a key term that is frequently employ in tuition systems research. The paper is useful to any researchers or practiti binglers who are center on attempt system implementatio n. Keywords Integration, Interface management, Applications, Information systems, Research Paper fiber General re spatial relation Introduction and importance Integration is a reciprocal term in the go-ahead systems literature.Seldom does a meeting occur when the word is not used multiple times and often within quite technical contexts. Unfortunately, our experience is that individuals often have a dissimilar understanding of the meaning of the word. Loosely speaking, on that point is a general consensus that integrating concerns making coverings work unitedly that were never intended to work unneurotic by passing schooling through some form of embrasure. This is certainly part of the context, but this paper argues that there is more to be said.Since the earliest days of computing, the term integration has been seed in both the trade and academic literature to describe a motion, a condition, a system, and an end-state. Given that these competing labels have very differe nt meanings, their indiscriminate usage is often obscure and invites confusion. For pillow campaign, a sloppy conflation of process and condition encourages circular definitions that bear little explanatory power. Consider the following advertisement ( figure out 1) from the Oracle Corporation and the corresponding quote from the Oracle CEO, Larry Ellison. auspicate 1 is clearly an appeal for a type of integration that we c every(prenominal) sizable l, having all relevant selective information aligned with a ingle selective information model and stored only once. The implication is that you can place all of your information for the set of business concern processes listed in the middle column of Figure 1 inside of the Oracle E-Business Suite and significantly reduce total bell of ownership (TCO). In fact, the advertisement claims that Oracle saved over $1 billion USED per year by implementing Big l.And also, there are the problems with complexity and managing scope integrity crosswise multiple selective information line of descents (Gulled and Summer, 2004). Consider Figure 2 from an unnamed company. Figure 2 shows a situation that is described in the literature as systems integration . E. The interfacing of systems together so they can pass information across a complex technology landscape. We call this type of integration a form of pocket-size I, and we note that this form of low I (point-to-point interfaces) is an expensive proposition.Data must be constantly harmonize and cleansed across multiple data sources, and any changes to one system can lead to complex and costly re-testing or scour re-design and coding of interfaces. Clearly, we have presented two extremes, and by and large both have been rejected by large organizations world wide. Most organizations do not want to include all of their data in one industry (e. G. Oracle, SAP, Microsoft, etc. ) for a number of different reasons, but at the same time, no one wants the problems that are associated with implementations desire that shown in Figure 2.There are separate options. In fact there are many options, and that is the point of this paper. All of the options (including the two above) are called integration. So what is integration? As one might guess, it depends on the context, and the usage must be qualified. Big I may not achievable, and it may not even be appropriate. If Little I is appropriate, what type of Little I is appropriate, given the situation and the state of 7 Figure 2. Interfacing systems components to define an enterprise solution emerging technologies?This paper addresses those questions, and it also categorizes the most used forms of Little I in the context of enterprise system implementation. This categorization and associated discussion is essential, or it is impossible to have a meaningful discourse about application integration. Integration Big I To establish a baseline, the following definition is proposed for integration. Integration ( Big l) integration implies that all relevant data for a particular bound and closed set of business processes is processed in the same software application.Updates in one application module or component are reflected throughout the business process system of logic, with no complex external interfacing. Data are stored once, and it is instantaneously shared by all business processes that are enabled by the software application. This is a rather comprehensive and restrictive definition that revives memories of first generation enterprise resource planning (ERP). The business process implications of Big I are discussed in some detail by Gulled and Summer (2003).To preserve clarity throughout this paper, the above definition will always be referred to as Big l. Big I is definitely the goal of management, especially for mundane business processes. This implies one source of truth for those business processes that are enabled by core ERP solutions. The judgment is simple if all data are stored once and shared, thus integrity issues are less likely to occur. The TCO is significantly less, since interfaces across application components are not required. Furthermore, complexity is significantly reduced. MEDS 8 Figure 3 shows how Big I relates to Little I for a simple recitation related to US military Logistics. In this example, Army Logistics processes are scoped with the SAP solution as Big l I. E. There is no interfacing across the SAP components. However, some of the logistics business processes go down outside of the Army. In this case, we indicate the transportation processes that are part of the end-to-end logistics business processes, but they fall outside of the Army, and they are managed by the US conveyance of title Command (TRANSOM).The systems that support this segment of the end-to-end process are not SAP, and they are not even owned by the army. This is a classical coordination compound application3 and some form of Little I is must be impleme nted in parliamentary law to preserve the integrity of the business process logic4. Figure 3, even though a simple picture, shows much about integration. First, it suggests that large and complex organizations are unlikely to place all of their business processes in a hit application. sequence assertions of Figure 1 are accurate, there are at least two reasons why single instance ERP will not occur in most firms (1) he internet opened more options for Little I and (2) the culture and control of the internal and external system integration communities will not allow such consolidation. Like it or not, given the current state of technology, we are going to have to live with is a mixture of Big I and Little I, at least as long as the current trends continue.The reality of this situation is reinforced by the fact that the larger software providers are opening their intersection points and making them more flexible for mix and match Figure 3. An example of Big I and Little I in the sa me enterprise opportunities with Little I. This is evidenced by such products as the Oracle Data Hubs and SAP Interweave technologies. While it is true, Just as Figure 1 shows, that the TCO could be reduced by moving to Big l, most organizations do not have the flexibility nor the desire to do that. However, this does not mean that Big I is dead.There will always be pockets of Big l connected by Little I, to new(prenominal) pockets of Big l. This is not a technical assertion, but is presently related to common sense. For example, one would never rip a product like SAP core ERP apart and then interface it back together again. This is self inflicted main, and it can be avoided by Just implementing the product the way it was intended to be implemented5. Preserve the integrity of the product by implementing Big I whenever possible, and use Little I to include those components that cannot be included in the integration domain.One would never dream of separating financial from materials in an SAP implementation, and then interface it back together again. Or even worse, it makes even less sense to stand up independent SAP solutions in different divisions of a company, run as a family or fiefdom, with the absence of an enterprise orientation. We will revisit implementation options later, but before doing that, we must further explore the options for Little I. The cream of a particular little I technology has significant implications for the types of mix and match options that are available for consideration.Integration (Little I) As previously mentioned, all forms of Little I are some form of interfacing, even though they are loosely called system integration. Much has been written on the subject, so we only focus on those types of Little I that are most relevant for the implementation of enterprise systems point-to-point integration database-to-database integration data storage warehouse integration enterprise application integration (EAI) application horde in tegration and business-to-business (BIB) integration.Point-to-point integration This is the most expensive form of integration. Point-to-point integration is the pair wise development of interfaces among systems. The data model of the target and source system are known, and someone (e. G. A system integrator) develops the code for passing information back and forth. Sometimes accelerator products are used, a good example being the IBM Miseries of middleware products that are now included as a part of Webster. Miseries does require writing code at both the source and target system.The get down to point-to-point integration is wellspring known, most frequently involving changing both applications to use a middleware layer, by rewriting the transaction handling code to communicate across the two applications. The traditional model of interaction is through remote function calls. The largest problem with point-to-point integration is shown in Figure 4, a situation that Schafer (2002) attributes to a guest situation. 9 10 Figure 4. Example of point-to-point integration As the number of interfaced components is increased, the number of interfaces to be maintained increases dramatically.The TCO likewise increases. As a real example consider the financial interfaces to a Navy SAP solution that is shown in Figure 56. Figure 5 is a good example of the previously mentioned case that can arise when financial are separated from materials or assets in an enterprise solution and then must be interfaced back to the ERP product, violating the integrity of the solution. While Figure 5 is reality and could not be easily avoided, the SAP product was never intended to be implemented in this way. The integrity of the product is violated by destroying the Big I that is engineered into the product.For all of the reasons previously mentioned, point-to-point integration should be avoided and only be used when there are no other options. Database-to-database integration This form of Little I, requires the sharing of information at the database level hence, providing interoperable applications. The basic buffet solution supplements features built into many databases to move information among databases as long as they maintain the same schema information on all sources and targets. There are companies that provide middleware to accelerate this process.Database and replication software are provided by companies such as Pervasive Integration Architect and Denominators Constellate Hub that permit moving information among many different database products with different schema. Figure 6 shows the conceptual layout for this form of Little I. While this integration procedure may work well for database applications, it does not work so well for enterprise applications. Most enterprise applications have 11 Figure 5. From defense financial and accounting services to the US Navy Pilot SAP implementations Figure 6.Conceptual layout for database-to-database 12 multi-tiered architectures, where even though the applications reside at a separate tier, the business process logic is bound to the master data. So, if one simply passes information at the database level, it is easy to create data integrity problems. Enterprise software vendors typically publish application program interfaces (Apish) that allow interfacing at the application level, and it is scoop out to use these Apish. If you update the database without utilise the Apish, then you are violating the Big I that is engineered into the product, and integrity problems are a likely result.See that Anonymous (1999) article in enterprise development where some of these difficulties are discussed within the context of interfacing with SAPs R/3 product. For enterprise implementations, this form of Little I should be avoided. Data warehouse integration This form of Little I is similar to database-to-database integration, but instead of replicating data across various databases, a single Martial datab ase is used to map the data from any number of physical databases, which can be various brands, models, or schema.In other words, a new data warehouse is created, and information is aggregated from a number of sources, where it may be analyzed or used for report generation. The effectiveness of this approach depends on the sophistication of the tools that are used and the quality of the data that is pulled from the various sources. erstwhile the data are aggregated, reporting is straight forward however, if business process logic must be applied to the aggregated data, then that logic must be created at the data warehouse level.The basic layout for data warehouse integration is shown in Figure 7. Figure 7. Conceptual view of data arouses integration If the integration is at the database level, the same problems associated with database-to-database integration that were mentioned above still apply. If the integration is at the application level, then data warehouse integration is si milar to point-to-point integration, and the problems with that approach also apply. This form of integration is quite popular, even though it is expensive to maintain.The reason that data warehouse integration is popular, is that it allows all parties entangled to maintain their individual stove-piped environments while sharing selective data in a auteur environment. In short, one is trading Big I for autonomy. An example of a large data warehouse integration effort in the US Army is shown in Figure 8. The logistics integrated database (LIDS) contains aggregates information from many stand-alone systems, with the intention of providing enterprise-level analytics. As the fugue indicates, the input data are aggregated from many sources, and output data are pushed to many sources.Constant cleansing and harmonistic is required in order to avoid integrity problems. Many enterprise solutions, like those from SAP and Oracle, use data warehouse lotions for reporting and enterprise analyti cs. However, this static view of enterprise data are not the same as Big l. Even if the concept is extended to include a federated query capability with the data warehouse being a virtual repository of metadata, this is still no substitute for Big l. However, the big problem, as previously mentioned, is the maintaining of business process logic at the data warehouse level.While this option preserves organizational autonomy, it is indeed costly. The data that are pushed into the warehouse must be constantly monitored for quality, and NY changes in any one of the target or source systems create significant testing and/ or additional coding problems. 13 Figure 8. A conceptual view of the LIDS 14 Figure 9. Hub and spoke architecture for enterprise application integration Enterprise application integration EAI is the sharing of data and business process logic across hetero/homogeneous instances through message-oriented-middleware (MOM). EAI may be managed by sheafd vendors (e. . SAP and Oracle) or through solutions provided by third party vendors (e. G. MM, Webmasters, etc. ). EAI is sometimes called application-centric interfacing. EAI is used to connect multiple systems at the application or database levels, using a form of middleware that is sometimes called a broker. The middleware moves information in and out of multiple systems, using pre-engineered connectors. The connectors are a source of competitive advantage for EAI software providers, because if a connector already exists for the target and source application, the cost of interface development can be reduced.The problems associated with point-to-point integration are reduced by adopting a hub and spoke model for sharing information. The EAI Middleware allows one to rite a single interface between each application and the middleware, instead of individually connecting each application to every other application. An example of a hub and spoke architecture is shown in Figure 9. Once the information is ex tracted, it is sent to a central horde using some sort of messaging system, where the information is processed and routed to the target system.If there is a gaolbreak in required business process logic, the logic can be created on the central server for execution. In theory, any-to-any document swap is possible, considering the business process logic in the source and target systems. Using connectors, the EAI software processes messages from packaged applications, databases, and custom applications using a queuing engine. When an event occurs (e. G. A transaction in an ERP package or a database table update), a message is published to the queue about the event.Subscribers to queue access the event envelope, analyze the content, and if it is intended for processing in the target system, the envelope contains everything necessary for recreating the event in the target system. The queuing engine ensures that all events are processed in the correct sequence, ensuring transactional int egrity. Many companies provide pre-packaged EAI solutions, and the securities industry is extremely competitive. The hub and spoke model using connectors has been operational for many years, and the products have reached a mature level.However, we note that EAI is still interfacing, and while this is a significant profit over point-to-point integration, EAI can be costly to implement and costly to maintain. The main benefits flow from being able to use partially configured connectors, while leverage industry partnerships which yield certified interfaces. Tremendous consolidation has occurred n recent years in companies that provide EAI solutions as the larger software providers have locomote in to provide EAI solutions that interact with their Big I products.For example, SAP now supports EAI as part of its Interweave7 solution, where previously SAP had used third party providers like IBM and Webmasters to provide EAI capabilities. It is also important to note that EAI is typicall y used inside the enterprise, as opposed to across the enterprise. For this reason EAI is sometimes called application-centric interfacing. The objective is to interfaces processes and share data within the enterprise. The inter-enterprise model falls under a class of solutions that are called Business-to-Business commerce, and this form of interfacing will be discussed in a later section.Application server integration This is the most sophisticated form of Little I that is discussed in this paper. Think of application server integration as the creation of a single, centralized application (logical or physical) that can provide a common set of services to any number of other remote applications. These services are common business objects that are shared across enterprise applications. The sharing and reuse of services is the goal of distributed objects and applications servers.Application server integration enables the enterprise by sharing services across the enterprise. The concep t of application server integration is shown in Figure 10. Modern systems invoke shared objects to share business logic and interact with resources (such as databases, ERP systems, or queues). In modern ERP systems these shared objects may be more highly aggregated as wrapped transactions. For example, when configuring the SAP solution, one aligns transactions with process steps. A process step could be associated with one or more transactions.If the transactions associated with a process step are bundled together and wrapped as a web service, then they may be shared across other SAP and non-SAP components. SAP calls this aggregated object an Enterprise Service, and it is the basis of SAPs Enterprise function Architecture (SAP GAG, 2004). Application integration occurs through the sharing of business logic, as well as through the back-end integration of many different applications and resources. The application server binds the data from a relational or relational-object database t o he common shared objects.The main advantage of application server integration is that 15 16 Figure 10. Application server integration concept the interfaced applications or components are tightly coupled to each other by sharing methods. By our assessment, application server integration is Little I, but given the limits of current technology it is the best approximation that we can provide to Big l. This is because the data integrity checks and business logic bound to the objects are always shared, and therefore, never circumvented. The SAP example is not unique. Most of the major software vendors have a similar tragedy.For example, Figure 11 shows the Oracle strategy for application server integration. The key component of Figure 11 for our discussion is in the right-center of the figure. The Oracle Application Server manages the shared objects and during runtime poll Link manages persistence between Java objects and database tables. At the conceptual level the integration appr oaches pursued by Oracle and SAP are similar. The widely sure disadvantage of using this application server integration is that significant changes may have to be made to all source and target applications to
Wednesday, May 22, 2019
The car sped off and all I could think was, Who are these people and what they do they want from me? Blindfolded and made mute by a piece of cloth that was tied amid my upper and lower jaw, I knew that what lay a thinker was non for my benefit and my struggle to free myself would be futile. As tears rolled down my chin, I succumbed to the prison life history that I had been entitled to and the next topic I recall was waking up in an isolated warehouse. It then hit me that I had been kidnapped. This sent chills down my spine making it hard for me to strategize a way out.I searched frantically for my phone which as I recalled was in my pocket. As I felt the phone in my pocket, my heart started pounding as anticipation and anxiety took the better part of me since I knew this could be my rescue weapon and my way out. I took out the phone and switched it on once, twice, and thrice and that is when I realized that my phone battery was missing. Tears of fear crowded my face as I knew my efforts of trying to escape were futile and doom was all that expect me.As I gained composure, I heard a voice saying, Ha hahahahahaha.so how many people have you called to the rescue. Looking at the direction track to the door, I saw a large stout man looking at me while smiling. This even made me more scared since I knew at that place was no way I would fight this guys unless there was divine intervention. He started walking towards me and with each step he took my heart would pound twice as my knee joints became weak to the point where my legs were unable to support my body weight (Ibach 2009). And with this I fell to the ground. He stood beside me, started stroking my hair and said, State house is your life whereas ghetto is our life.With this phone you are going to tell your father who apparently is our president to quit hapning for presidency or else I will blow your head off, do similar act to your siblings before I get to your father. I will be back, we make the phone ca ll. Uttering no other word, he stood and left. His quarrel left me flabbergasted as I knew I was in a dilemma. One that involved risking the lives of my family or letting my fathers dream to run for presidency the second time be just a dream and not a reality. Reference Ibach, H. (2009). How to Write an Inspired Creative Brief. Michigan iUniverse Publishers.
Tuesday, May 21, 2019
Dreams have always befriended people to strive hard and achieve that goal. When we were young, we faced the challenges life had to offer for us to require better people. Being a member of the allied health team has always been a part of my wish list.When I was given the opportunity to study in Science, I did not hesitate whatsoever I grabbed the opportunity instantly. I believe that macrocosm admitted to this institution is my way of acquiring the information essential for me to be of service to others. The knowledge that I have acquired can help me to further enhance my craft, and eventually lead for me to have new discoveries.I am unmatchable of those people who value education. As a young individual, I am on this continous quest of acquring knowledge, that I know can someday uplift me. I am very determined and I love helping other people.In preparation for this course, I took general classes like Biology, Chemistry, Calculus, Physics, and Medical terminology. I believe that these classes could help me have a better understanding of the field I am venturing on. I am also taking Anatomy and Physiology this coming term.As a necessary to this course, I volunteered at the Radiation Oncology Department of the Grant Medical Center. I did fifty hours of clinical observation in this department.I also saw how patients with Cancer, specifically those diagnosed with bladder Cancer, Lung Cancer, Breast Cancer, and Cancer of the Uterus were treated. It was interesting to see how people from this field can help in the diagnosis and treatment of certain diseases.I know that being admitted to your institution can help me achieve those dreams and be the best person that I can be.
Monday, May 20, 2019
Prepare a Set of Financial program lines Samson fraternity adjusted account balances as of celestial latitude 31, 2005 are as follows (some noted balances are Jan. 1, 2005) gross sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1,200,000 Purchases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810,000 vendible securities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15,000 Purchase discounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20,000 Purchase returns and allowances . . . . . . . . . . . 2,000 Extraordinary loss due to earthquake, net of applicable taxes of $15,000. . . . . . . . . . . . 35,000 Selling expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114,000 Cash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90,000 Accounts receivable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60,000 Common origin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150,000 Accumulated depreciation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42,000 Paid-in-capital in excess of par . . . . . . . . . . 30,000 Inventory, January 1, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149,000 Inventory, December 31, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . 120,000 Accounts payable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71,000 Salaries payable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5,000 Cash surrender value of life insurance . . . . . . 22,000 Patents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18,000 Retained earnings, January 1, 2005 . . . . . . . . . 60,600 Interest expense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13,000 General and administrative expenses . . . . . . . . . 160,000 Dividend revenue. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,000 Allowance for doubtful accounts . . . . . . . . . . . 3,000 Notes payable (maturity 7/1/07) . . . . . . . . . . . 105,000 Machinery and equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150,000 Income tax expense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30,600 Treasury stock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,000 Dividends say and paid . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18,000 Prepare multi-step income statement Samson Company Income Statement For the Year Ended December 31, 2005 Sales $1,200,000 Cost of Goods Sold Beginning inventory $149,000 Purchases $810,000 Purchase discounts ( 20,000) Purchase returns and allowances ( 2,000) - Net purchases 788,000 - Goods available for sale 937,000 determination inventory 120,000 -Cost of goods sold 817,000 Gross profit 383,000 Operating expenses Selling expenses 114,000 General and administrative expenses 160,000 - follow operational expenses 274,000 Operating income 109,000 opposite income (expense) Dividend revenue 6,000 Interest expense ( 13,000) - Total other income (expense) ( 7,000) Income before income taxes 102,000Income taxes 30,600 Income before curious item 71,400 Extraordinary loss due to earthquake, net of applicable taxes of $15,000 ( 35,000) Net income $36,400 ======== Prepare a Statement of Retained Earnings Samson Company Statement of Retained Earnings For the Year Ended December 31, 2005 Retained earnings, January 1, 2005 $60,600 Plus net income 36,400 Less dividen ds ( 8,000) - Retained earnings, December 31, 2005 79,000 ======= Prepare a classified oddment Sheet Samson Company Balance Sheet December 31, 2005 Assets original Assets Cash $ 90,000 Marketable securities 15,000 Accounts receivable $ 60,000 Less allowance for doubtful accounts ( 3,000) - 57,000 Inventories 120,000 Total Current Assets 282,000 Property, Plant, and EquipmentMachinery and Equipment $150,000 Less accumulated depreciation ( 42,000) Total Property, Plant, and Equipment 108,000 Other Assets Cash surrender value of life insurance $ 22,000 Patents 18,000 - Total Other Assets 40,000 - Total Assets $430,000 ======== Liabilities and Stockholders Equity Liabilities Current Liabilities Accounts payable $ 71,000 Salaries payable 5,000 Total Current Liabilities 76,000 Long-term Liabilities Notes payable 105,000 - Total Liabilities 181,000 Stockholders Equity Common stock $150,000 Paid-in-capital in excess of par 30,000 Retained earnings 79,000 Treasury stock ( 10,000) - Tot al Stockholders Equity 249,000 - Total Liabilities and Stockholders Equity $430,000 ========
Sunday, May 19, 2019
Krupa Desai Cell Biology April 3, 2013 Lab biogeny of Starch Introduction In this lab we learned the concept and procedure of synthesizing starch. We also learned the do of pH and temperature on the reaction rates of amylase.. In the process of the synthesis lab we learned phosphorylation victimization a potato, which was what we synthesized. The phosphorylation took place after the addition of primer. There argon two different types of starches used are amylose and amylopectin.To test for the presence of starch, the Starch Test is used. This is a simple test in which iodine is added to a given solution. If a polysaccharide such as starch is present then the iodine ion go forth lodge itself in the polysaccharide chain and give it a black-blue color. If iodine added to a solution turns black-blue than starch is present. If the solution remains the color of iodine, reddish-orange, there is no starch present, a negative test.In our experiment we descale the color we see in compariso n to the neutrals to test for the amount of starch. Methods/Materials See print out information TableBelow Time in minutes underground 1 Tube 2 Tube 3 Tube 4 Tube 5 Tube 6 Tube 7 0 mins(TO) 0 0 0 0 0 ++ +++ 3 mins 0 + 0 0 + + + 6 mins + ++ + + +++ +++ +++ 9 mins 0 +++ + 0 +++ +++ ++++ 12 mins 0 +++ + 0 +++ +++ ++++ 15 mins 0 +++ + 0 ++++ ++++ ++++ 18 mins 0 +++ ++ 0 ++++ +++ ++++ 1 mins 0 +++ ++ 0 ++++ +++ +++ 24 mins 0 +++ ++ 0 +++ +++ ++++ 27 mins 0 ++++ ++ 0 +++ +++ ++++ 30 mins 0 ++++ ++ 0 ++++ ++ ++++ Discussion This lab gives a better understanding of biogeny of starch. As you can see with our data we had some discrepancies in tubes where glucose was present no starch should nominate been found however we have + in a few of the time slots this could be do to the recital of color or some spill over.Since we were trying to get exact times the drops could have spill over into another part of the dish and contaminated some of the other tubes overall our data is pretty accur ate however tube 7 had the most phosphorylation because it turned from blue to black over time. somewhat of the other tubes although had the presence of starch did not alter much over time in item most stayed the same. Additionally it is concluded the pH and temperature greatly effect the reaction rate of enzymes.
Saturday, May 18, 2019
rationalise the role and importance of the soldiers in New body politic Egypt. In New Kingdom Egypt, the military machine became very important. The army evolved from being a disorganised band of conscripted peasants into a lethal, professional outfit vigorous equipped and ready for combat. Egypt became the most expansionist it had even been in its history. The emergence of Egypts army started in the 18th Dynasty when Ahmose expellight-emitting diode the Hyksos from Egypt. Tuthmosis I and Tuthmosis III and also Ramses II and Ramses III further maintained Egypts military strength in campaigns ranging from Nubia to Syria.Prior to the New Kingdom in Egypt, the countrys military was an inexpert group do up at different times of peasants, Nubian and Greek mercenaries and the Kings individualized troops. In the New Kingdom, this changed dramatically. For the first time Egypt had a standing army, and being a soldier brought prestigiousness and social standing as it had not done in the past. With the advances in the way the army was made up, there were also major advances in the equipment they used. For the first time body armour was used, as rise as the sickle sword.During the 18th Dynasty in Egypt, Ahmose brought military to the fore of Egyptian life. He was the first king of the 18th Dynasty and probably govern from 1539-1514 BC. Ahmose attacked Avaris and subsequently the Palestinian fortress of Sharuhen to end the Hyksos reign over Egypt. Ahmose hence turned to Nubia and Egypts land grew south to the Second Cataract. After this Ahmose returned his attentions to Palestine and whitethorn have led campaigns as far as the Euphrates. Tuthmosis I followed soon afterward Ahmoses reign and was highly instruct in military practises.He only ruled for a short time around 1493-1481 BC. til now Tuthmosis I was a very effective general and in several campaigns, Tuthmosis I reached Argo, the Third Cataract, in Nubia and also the Euphrates River part ironing the Syrians. He also defended Egypts colonies against the Mitanni people. Tuthmosis III was also very focused on military. It is possible he spent most of his younger historic period in the military as his stepmother and regent, Hatshepsut, took over the rule of Egypt when Tuthmosis III was only very young.Tuthmosis III only took over the governance of Egypt when Hatshepsut ultimately died, leaving him free to take his rightful place. He ruled from around 1504-1450 BC, although for part of that time Hatshepsut may have been ruling. as yet formerly Tuthmosis III was king of Egypt, he led many successful military campaigns. He has even been referred to as the Napoleon of Egypt. In the battle for Megiddo, Tuthmosis III led his troops to fight through a narrow pass where soldiers could only march single file.When the army emerged from the canyon it was spy that the enemy troops has arranged their lines expecting an attack from the two easier routes, and the Egyptians subsequently defeated their enemy in battle. In other wars, Tuthmosis III and his army marched from Thebes along the Syrian coast and captured three cities. Every year after that, Egypts armies would march against Syria until dominance over Palestine was established. Tuthmosis III recorded the capture of 350 cities at Karnak and he finally took the Syrian city Kadesh in his 42nd year of rule.The military continued to play a part in Egypts affairs during the New Kingdom with Ramses II. He was part of the 19th Dynasty and ruled from 1279-1213 BC. His most well known campaign was the Battle of Kadesh, although he brilliantly maintained Egypts borders against the Sherden (pirates) and created a defensive line of forts along Egypts north western border. Ramses II also made a peace treaty with the Hittites, which led to Egypt prospering greatly. Further more than, Ramses II secured the kingdom of Amurru to return to Egyptian influence, as it had been disconnected during his fathers reign.However the Battle of Kadesh was his most famous, although was neither a victory but more of a loss for the Egyptians. Ramses II advanced on the Hittite army from the south, but was led to trust by captured enemy scouts that the Hittites were still far away to the north. Ramses set up camp only to point out that the Hittites had already arrived for battle, and tried to hurry the rest of his army forward. However, 2 500 Hittites ambushed them as they tried to bump into up with Ramses forces and were defeated. The Hittites then attacked Ramses and his troops.According to documentation, Ramses almost single handedly held off the Hittites. However it may be the gaffe that the Hittites were simply distracted by the riches in the camp. Ramses was then saved by the appearance of the Nearin, another body of troops, which Ramses had separated in order to approach Kadesh from the north. The armies may have fought again the attached day, but the end result of the conflict was the peace treaty betwee n the Egyptians and the Hittites. This then prevented Egypt from ever pickings control of Kadesh.Ramses III was the last great Pharaoh of Egypt and ruled in the 20th Dynasty from 1184-1153 BC. In Ramses IIIs reign, the Libyans attacked in the south but were crushed by the Egyptian army. However Ramses and Egypt had a more effective threat to deal with the Sea People, who had destroyed the Hittite empire. The Sea People moved in to Egypt from Syria with the designing of settling. Luckily for Egypt Ramses was quick to send his army to fend off the Sea Peoples and the crisis was averted at least for a time.Next the Sea People approached from the sea, a cleaver move considering Egypts poor naval force. However again Egypt fended off this attack and saved itself once more. Ramses again proved himself an effective general while defending from another attack from the Libyans and Meshwesh which left 2 000 enemy soldiers dead on the battlefield. However once the New Kingdom collapsed Egypt lost most (if not all) of its colonies and was mostly ruled by foreigner. No one ever saw the likes of what occurred in the New Kingdom again.The military in New Kingdom Egypt was an organised and prestigious machine unlike anything that Egypt had seen before. Several Pharaohs stood out from the rest in terms of what they did for Egypt Ahmose, who expelled that Hyksos Tuthmosis I and Tuthmosis III who led campaigns in Nubia, Argo, Syria and Kadesh Ramses II and Ramses III were both excellent generals who maintained Egypts borders and fought to maintain the existence of Egypt. During New Kingdom Egypt the military became more important than it had ever been in the last years of power of the worlds most fantastic nations.
Friday, May 17, 2019
?Which Liquid Dissolves Sugar Free toneSavers Quickest? The purpose of my experiment is to sire out which liquid,(orange juice, piss, Coca-Cola, or Sprite), give the sacks Sugar Free Life Savers the quickest. I think the Sprite will break down the Life Saver the quickest because it has the highest astringentity, with ph take aims reaching 2. 4. The ph scale ranges from 0 to 14. Battery acid reaches 0 on the scale. 7 is considered neutral. Sprite has a ph level of 2. 4. Coca-Cola has a ph level of 2. 5.Orange juice has a ph level of 3. 5. And water has a ph level of 7. 0. My materials for this experiment include 4 small covered glass containers,four cherry Sugar Free Life Savers, a timer, and Coca-Cola, Sprite, tap water, and orange juice. First, I poured 1 cup of each liquid in their own seperate container. and so I dropped one cherry Sugar Free Life Saver in each and identify the lid on each. After that, I started the timer and recorded the amount of time it took for each L ife Saver to dissolve in each liquid.It took Sprite 39 minutes to dissolve the candy, Coca-Cola 42 minutes, water 49 minutes, and orange juice 72 minutes when I did this experiment. My findings did support my hypothesis Sprite did dissolve the LifeSaver the quickest. To improve this experiment in the future, i could put 3 LifeSavers in each container sooner of just 1 to see if the acid in the liquids is still strong enough to eat done each LifeSaver.
Thursday, May 16, 2019
Teenagers often struggle to define themselves and their place in the world. They may choose to come to with a certain group beca make use of its members sh ar similar beliefs, attitudes or interests. However, teens in the likes of manner look to others to fulfill their basic needs for such things as companionship, understanding and emotional support. When these needs argon not met sufficiently or at all by the teens family, they become susceptible to joining camps. A faction is a group of individuals who sh atomic number 18 everyday traits. They are often identified by the clothing or colors that they founder and train a name. Gangs are composed of leaders and followers.They typically have their own methods of communication such as language, symbols, signs or handshakes. Joining a clustering requires potential members to go through an initiation of some sort. Initiations into gangs often include the endurance of physical harm or piquant in some form of illegal or dangerous behavior, failure to give proper gang hand signals could lead to a beating. There are numerous reasons why kids join gangs, but like most youth activities, whether criminal or otherwise, most kids join gangs for companionship and love, social, economic, and cultural forces push many adolescents in the direction of gangs too.Most commonly, teens become gang members to fill their need to belong. Often judgment of convictions, such teens have dysfunctional families or are loners. Gangs are looked to for protection, loyalty and a sense of identity. Members consider themselves part of a family and view their gang as a source of pride. Gangs may fulfill the need for acceptance and recognition as well. However, members are required to do such things as steal from local stores, corrupt buildings with graffiti and engage in other crimes. The drug trade is harsh and dangerous.Lower rung drug dealers do not drive BMWs, wear gold jewelry, or repair rich quick. They work around the clock, six or seven age a week, for low wages, often enforced by the threat of violence. Gang murders are committed to sum up profits, to control renegade members, and to protect existing territories and markets. The more cunning and brutal the gang, the better its chances of success. One misconception almost joining a gang is the thought of getting rich. Some young people think gang members are rich, drive expensive cars, and dont have to work. However, very few gang members get rich.Most of their money goes in one hand and out the other to support flash and style earlier than for living. Drug dealing is actually hard and dangerous work. Dealers are always on the job. Many use pagers so if someone wants to buy drugs they can get in touch with them at any time of the day or night. They are always on guard, watching for police or rival gangs. They are constantly in danger of being killed. The odds of surviving are not in their favor. barroom efforts can deter teens from joining gangs. The focus of such efforts is on an individuals sense of identity and belonging.The allure of gangs tends to be most persuasive among outsiders with low self-esteem and poor impulse control. Integrating teens into groups based on common interests provides a positive environment for self-development to occur. Teens should be encouraged to go to community centers and after-school activities which allow them to associate with other teens. Efforts to strengthen family relationships are also helpful, since teens tend to look outside their families when needs for such things as acceptance, belonging, recognition, protection and loyalty are not met at home.
Wednesday, May 15, 2019
Business morality and deontology - Research Paper ExampleIt is a case of double-tongued financial reporting. Adelphia is a popularly traded corporation based in the United States. In 2002, Adelphia was rank sixth among the largest cable service providers in the country. In the same year, the participation was publicly accused of discrepancies in the financial reports prepared and produced by the go with. It was found that the company did not represent the real economic discipline and Adelphia was charged of a major accounting disgrace. Investigations proved that the managers modified financial statements of the company by excluding many one thousand million dollars that it held as debt, from the companys balance shrouds. Hence, auditors could not discover the presence of fraudulent activities that the company indulged in. This is a major example of infringement of deontological issues. It was revealed through investigation that some of the most influential and primary(prenom inal) rank holding members of the organization lacked ethical behavioral traits and they were the major participants in this shite. Key ethical problems The Adelphia scandal is a case of financial fraud that broke the trust of the shareholders and lowered level of faith of the public on the company. It is the most far-reaching financial fraud that has occurred in the country in the past few decades (Markon & Frank, 2002). The company filed for bankruptcy in June 2002 and was finally purchased in July 2006 by Comcast Corp. and Time Warner Inc. Two ethical problems were distinctly identify in this fraudulent case financial statement modification and superficial statement about root earnings. The first ethical issue is concerning the fact that the officials in the company had strategically and magisterialally excluded several billion dollars that the company held as liabilities over the period of four years between 1998 and 2002. The liabilities were hidden fraudulently from the boo ks of off-balance sheet affiliates (Barlaup, Dronen & Stuart, 2009). Additionally, the company also inflated its earnings in order to meet the expectations of shareholders in the Wall Street. non-homogeneous operations statistics were falsified and concealed (The SEC, 2002). These activities raised questions about ethical duties of the employees working in different private as well as public corporations. Deontological ethics The terminus ethics is generally understood as systematic attempt to understand moral concepts and to propose and defend principles and theories regarding right and wrong behavior (Barlaup, Dronen & Stuart, 2009, p. 186). Normative ethics is found to be highly relevant to the issues faced business firms and the problems faced by auditors. Under the cloth of normative ethics, three principal theories of ethics can be identified. These are egoism, utilitarianism and deontology. In this section, the focus would be on the deontological theory of ethics. General t heory Deontological ethics relate to the ethics of duty of principle (Cooper, 2000, 179). The term deontology was coined by Bentham (1748-1832) and by this term he emphasized on the following meaning. It is the act of motivating slew in such as way that it would maximize overall community happiness. This would be done by mobilizing the causes that inspire specific private
Tuesday, May 14, 2019
Application Question - Essay ExampleNonetheless, Television presents the economic performance on main economic players within a country and presents. The tv is always accurate in presenting the division indices of companies trading in the stock exchanges thus a useful source for the public and other stakeholders who give care to invest in such firms (White, Angappa, and Matthew 47). However, provision of economic information on the television sets tends to undermine topical anaesthetic entrepreneurship and Instead of promoting local economic drives individuals to favour multinational enterprise.Television, as a creative industry, has also been implemental in integrating cultural needs and expectations of the public through various programs (White, Angappa, and Matthew 47). Television is always brisk in upholding cultural heritage of a country through awareness creation among the locals or residents. So often, it is common to witness a country promoting its local assimilation t hrough television as the or so preferred mainstream media. To individuals who prefer to uphold their cultural heritage, television is a modest way of accepting their culture and belonging.More important, television is a way of creating cultural tolerance since the programs are always multinational (White, Angappa, and Matthew 47). However, television breeds bad behaviours among the public bringing into question the role it plays in integrating cultural needs and expectations. The tax write-off is that television promotes externally imposed cultural values making individuals to disregard their local norms because they prefer abundant cultures that they watch on their television sets.Of the two significances, economic integration is the major contribution of television that steers organic evolution in any given country. The implication is that economic integration focuses on accessibility of information which is actually crucial for development and generation of investment
Monday, May 13, 2019
JFK Inaugural Speech - Research Paper ExampleHis personal and political convictions can be determined not just by reading the contents and evaluating the style but also be learning about the context. John F. Kennedys initiatory row has been considered as unrivaled of the best constantly made not just by an American president but by a demesne leader. Apparently though, the speech became famous not just because of its inherent characteristics but because of the man who delivered it. President Kennedy is one of the most enigmatic leaders in the 20th century. He was at the help of the US brass when the country faced serious challenges coming from USSR at the height of the Cold War. One of the most salient incidents that highlighted his effective leadership and diplomacy was the successful initiative on the nuclear test discard conformity in the aftermath of the Cuban Missile Crisis which he also handled well. President Kennedy did not pursue the ban merely due to his geopolitical views. He personally saw it as necessary as he explicitly pointed out when he said that the US owes it because we are the only country that engaged in atomic warfare in the last war (Schlesinger 453). ... A brief glance of President Kennedys life several years before he ran and won the presidency does give the readers or reference of the context of what he wrote and past spoken during his inauguration. President Kennedys inaugural address is best remembered by the oft quoted line ask not what your country can do for you ask what you can do for your country (1961). The reason wherefore this line has been recognized as the most compelling part of the speech is that it departed from the usual practice of previous presidents who took their oaths and rendered their own inaugural addresses. Prior to Kennedy, it was expected of newly take presidents to state the domestic and international policies that their judgeship would pursue while in office. In this regard, the inaugural addre sses served as the reiteration of the promises they might have made during the electoral campaigns, assuming that these are what the public wanted which is why they were voted into office. The most commonly used formula for the inaugural address was to state the problems confronting American society and then to provide the audience a briefing on the actual steps that the new president and his administration would initiate to develop and implement effective solutions. As a result, this leaves the audience with higher expectations but at the same time instilling in them a certain degree of passivity. President Kennedys inaugural address, however, took a radically different approach to the methods of how the problems of the country and of the world could be resolved. There is not a single portion in the speech that mentioned what concrete steps
Sunday, May 12, 2019
Competitive Structure and Resources of southwesterly Airlines - Research Paper exerciseEven though it is common knowledge that Southwest Airlines has a truly large sh be of the mart, thither atomic number 18 also as many buyers or air transport travelers as possible, who use the serves of other(a) airlines within the market region where Southwest Airlines operate (Mazzeo, 2009). As far as buyer inlet barriers are concerned, there are no buyer entry barriers for patrons of air point and this gives a very strong indication as to why Southwest Airlines is operating a perfect competition. Even more, no matter of all the successes that has been seen by the airline in its market segment, there continues to be fierce competition among other key competitors with no competitor having a market share of more than 30% (Prince and Simon, 2009). What this means is that market share is low and there are other substitute products in terms of other forms of transportation that consumer may f all on. Macro and international influences on the firm As an international company, the operations of Southwest Airlines are greatly affected by a number of macro instruction and international factors, of which the company notwithstanding has no authority or control over. Whereas some of these macro and international influences are political, some are economical, whiles others are social. As far as political factors are concerned, it is on record that even though the American and Chinese governments befool each tried as much as possible to funding taxes on air transport minimal, factors like homeland security, infrastructure enhancement and environmental protection aim led to a situation whereby there are huge sums of taxes imposed on the traveling human beings (Mazzeo, 2009). These taxes are often translated into higher airline tatters, which generally affect the rate at which people get hold of to travel by air. The table below represents some of the special commercial avi ation taxes that are gainful in the United States, where Southwest Airline is very dominant. Type of measure Rate Passenger ticket tax 7.50% Flight Segment Tax (Domestic) $3.8 Frequent Flyer Tax 7.5% International Departure Tax $16.7 International Arrival Tax %16.7 September 11th Fee $2.5 Customs User Fee $5.5 federal Security Sub-charge $2.5 Passenger Facility Charge $4.5 Source Airlines for America By provisions of the government, these are taxes that are inevitable to the airline and those influences its pricing, promotions and marketing style all together. The economic recession, which has over the years become unpredictable, and increment inflation problems are some macro economic factors that affect the company. What is more, demographics of travelers happens to be a majority macro social factor that influences Southwest Airlines given that air transport is fast becoming the preserve of the selected and that there has to be more of the higher social class emanating from s ociety to get the market actually booming. Changes in market structure Over the years, the market structure with which Southwest Airlines competed in has changed significantly. Most of these changes have actually taken place in terms of the availability of skill, labor and raw materials. For instance, with the advancement of technology, which is bossy almost every type of industrial sector in the global economic regime, the use of extremely skilled labor force is no longer an optional choice for the
Saturday, May 11, 2019
Trade unions - Essay ExampleEuropean trade union leaders, along with their London Declaration, studied the fiscal crisis and appeal for fair dealing and rigorous action. Practical suggestions were as well made to prevent this shoes from happening again successful measures should be taken to guarantee that the economy carries on enjoying capital investments, overly to put a stop to disgraceful financial forecast. The addition of public funds into the economy should tick off to public regulation, whereas the control of financial markets at global and European levels should be enhanced (Satre 2005, 804).This papers objective is only a wake up call. While trade unions determinedly expand their organizing attempts and ideas, there remains a noticeable need for constant research on effective strategies and techniques.It is essential to acknowledge nowadays that organizing has dark out to be increasingly complex. Under the pressing burden of feeble and incompetently enforced savvy law s, aggressive employers harbouring antiunion sentiments, and a progressively intimidating political and economic atmosphere, it is not fascinating that hardly any(prenominal) workers surmount the threats, anxieties and hindrances and continue to in fact organize a union and negotiate an initial agreement. Problems are only worsened when labor leaders are informed repeatedly by their believed allies in government and the academe that workers are not interested anymore in unions but perceive a more workable and less intimidating option in management-offered naval divisionicipation activities. Confronted with an increasingly unfriendly climate, the craunch movement has started to concentrate its energy on the single component of the organizing mechanism that it has power over, union strategies and techniques. This part focuses on the means by which workers, whether unionized or non-unionized, are adequately represented at work, and by which they gain differing extents of voice in t he decision making of the top management or employers. Apart from incorporated bargaining exercised by trade unions, it emphasizes the means of information dissemination and collaborative consultation contained within an function relationship. One premise is that an interpretation of the interaction of these systems of representation is fundamental for a positive reception of the accredited and potentially future trends of worker representation in the United Kingdom. In particular, it proposes that types of representation aside from joint bargaining may prospectively establish more mainstream voice systems, with employers and employees alike, than what they actually have previously (Wigley 2002). In the past, employers single-handed made majority of decisions on issue regarding work. In a number of circumstances, typically job-related matters, expert or strategically positioned employees could single-handedly control particular features of their working lifestyles. From the latt er part of the nineteenth century up until the present, collective bargaining steadily developed. In a number of incidences, to defend