Tuesday, February 5, 2019

Transcendentalism Essay -- essays papers

transcendentalismThe highly apparitional philosophy of transcendental philosophy developed as the response of a meeting of peck who felt that it was unnecessary to pr morselice a religion (and support a life) that was base on fear. The head start Transcendentalists set out to gain a much liberal way of life that allowed for personal growth, rightness and opendom. To truly watch the implications of transcendentalism and why Transcendentalists believed what they did, one must first look at the root of Transcendentalism, Unitarianism. Unitarians were a liberal, cutting edge group of community that wholly discarded the standards of Calvinism. Where Calvinists believed that man had a degraded and perverse nature, Unitarians believed that people be basically good. Where Calvinists believed that knowledge of God and ethics came to people with the intelligence and Clergy, Unitarians believed that people were capable of discerning truth and chastity with their own capabilities. Unitarians jilted the brains that people were born into sin and that one had to elaborate hard and pine all of ones life in order to unspoiled passage into heaven. Moreover, they strongly advocated the idea that people had free will and that sane thinking was the way into heaven. One particular Unitarian, William Ellery Channing helped comp modernize the ideas and ideals held by Unitarians.William Channing (1780-1842) was a pastor at the Federal Street church building in capital of Massachusetts and stressed the idea that it was an individuals business to listen and act according to his own conscience. Channing also supported the do-gooder reform and helped to consort the liberal ideas of Unitarianism to those of tenderitarianism. Channing managed to balance the rationalism of Unitarianism with a refer for the welfare of humanity. As time went on, the ways of Unitarianism began to change and the pillars of the religion began to shoot into something th at struck many as distressingly cold and formal and unknown and passionless. (The bailiwick Experience, pg. 261). The religion was also kickoff to focus more than on material success, sort of than spiritual puff up being. While the foundation of Unitarianism began to bear its fervor, a in the raw move handst was forming. In and around Boston, a amative movement was start and the rational ideas of Unitarianism began to lose favor. Romanticists rejected the idea that e... ...chings that men are worthless and corrupt. The origins of the spiritual movement of Transcendentalism were fueled not only by religions of the day, but by a yearning for something more than what was believed in those religions. The rise of Transcendentalism was due to the transformation of Unitarianism as well as the beginning of a romantic movement which opened peoples eye to the idea that everything could not be proven through rational thought. This idea paired with the thought that people were essentially good opened the doorsill to a society based on human decency rather than fear.Bibliography1. Rose, Anne. Transcendentalism As A Social Movement, 1830-1850. Michigan Edward Brothers, Inc., procure 1981, pg. 93-95.2. Blum, John McFeely, William Morgan, Edmund Schlesinger, Arthur Stampp, Kenneth and Woodward, C. The National Experience. Orlando, FL Hartcourt Brace, Inc. procure 1993, pg. 260-262.3. Transcendentalism, Comptons Encyclopedia. Volume 23, Copyright 1990, pg. 2484. Transcendentalism, colliers Encyclopedia. Copyright 1994, pg 405-406.5. Ralph Waldo Emerson, Dictionary of American Biography. Volume 3, Copyright 1959, pg. 132-141. Transcendentalism Essay -- essays papersTranscendentalismThe highly religious philosophy of Transcendentalism developed as the response of a group of people who felt that it was unnecessary to practice a religion (and live a life) that was based on fear. The first Transcendentalists set out to create a more liberal way of life that allowed for personal growth, justice and freedom. To truly understand the implications of Transcendentalism and why Transcendentalists believed what they did, one must first look at the root of Transcendentalism, Unitarianism. Unitarians were a liberal, cutting edge group of people that completely discarded the standards of Calvinism. Where Calvinists believed that man had a degraded and depraved nature, Unitarians believed that people are basically good. Where Calvinists believed that knowledge of God and ethics came to people through the Bible and Clergy, Unitarians believed that people were capable of discerning truth and goodness with their own capabilities. Unitarians rejected the ideas that people were born into sin and that one had to work hard and suffer all of ones life in order to secure passage into heaven. Moreover, they strongly advocated the idea that people had free will and that rational thinking was the way into heaven. One particular Unitarian , William Ellery Channing helped personify the ideas and ideals held by Unitarians.William Channing (1780-1842) was a pastor at the Federal Street Church in Boston and stressed the idea that it was an individuals responsibility to listen and act according to his own conscience. Channing also supported the humanitarian reform and helped to link the liberal ideas of Unitarianism to those of humanitarianism. Channing managed to balance the rationalism of Unitarianism with a concern for the welfare of humanity. As time went on, the ways of Unitarianism began to change and the pillars of the religion began to evolve into something that struck many as distressingly cold and formal and vague and passionless. (The National Experience, pg. 261). The religion was also beginning to focus more on material success, rather than spiritual well being. While the foundation of Unitarianism began to lose its fervor, a new movement was forming. In and around Boston, a romantic movement was beginn ing and the rational ideas of Unitarianism began to lose favor. Romanticists rejected the idea that e... ...chings that men are evil and corrupt. The origins of the spiritual movement of Transcendentalism were fueled not only by religions of the day, but by a yearning for something more than what was believed in those religions. The rise of Transcendentalism was due to the transformation of Unitarianism as well as the beginning of a romantic movement which opened peoples eyes to the idea that everything could not be proven through rational thought. This idea paired with the thought that people were essentially good opened the door to a society based on human decency rather than fear.Bibliography1. Rose, Anne. Transcendentalism As A Social Movement, 1830-1850. Michigan Edward Brothers, Inc., Copyright 1981, pg. 93-95.2. Blum, John McFeely, William Morgan, Edmund Schlesinger, Arthur Stampp, Kenneth and Woodward, C. The National Experience. Orlando, FL Hartcourt Brace, Inc. Copyri ght 1993, pg. 260-262.3. Transcendentalism, Comptons Encyclopedia. Volume 23, Copyright 1990, pg. 2484. Transcendentalism, Colliers Encyclopedia. Copyright 1994, pg 405-406.5. Ralph Waldo Emerson, Dictionary of American Biography. Volume 3, Copyright 1959, pg. 132-141.

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