Tuesday, February 19, 2019

Explain ‘Natural Moral Law’ Essay

Natural rightness can be traced seat into the ancient Greek and Roman worlds. In Sophocles play Antigone, Natural honor is very app arnt passim and the writings of the Greek Philosopher Aristotle. In his whole kit and caboodle Nicomachean Ethics he wroteThe lifelike is that which is everywhere, is equally valid, and depends not upon being or not being receivedthat which is inseparable is unchangeable, and has the same power everywhere.The Ancient Stoics emphasised the importance of Logos, or rationality, that governs the world and sees benevolent nature as one natural order. They considered natural law of nature as a law of right reason. In his letter to the Romans, St Paul wrote about a law that is written in the hearts of Gentiles. It is therefore clear that throughout the ancient world, although there is differing terminology, there seems to have been a consensus over the foundation of a natural moral law, which dictated the rightness or incorrectness of an action th at was not dependent upon the laws created by society.St. Thomas Aquinas actual a fuller account of this natural law in the 13th century. This possibility is both deontological and absolutist and so his resulting work is focused upon the ethicacy of actions. In his work Summa Theologica, Aquinas described natural law as a moral code, which exists within the purpose of nature and was created by perfection. He says that it is pay in every human being. Natural Law exists to aid mankind, guiding their actions in such away that they might meet their eternal destiny. He argued that there was a basic law, from which all the other natural laws derived. This was to go after nifty and avoid evil.For Aquinas, both the intention and the act are important, this is because his theory is based on a mainly deontological view. The only end that he values is God as He is intrinsically good. He believed that acts are intrinsically good or bad because when human beings act in accordance with th eir ultimate purpose, God is glorified. Aquinas followed the line of thought that human beings are intelligent and therefore should be able to direct him or herself, this therefore meaning that they can take responsibility for knowing and doingwhat God intends for them.Whether or not an act leads towards God depends on whether it fits the purpose that humans were made for. For Thomas Aquinas, the main purpose of human life is to deal the self and the innocent, to reproduce, worship God, acquire knowledge and live in say society.. He names these the primary precepts acts that are in accordance with these precepts are good and those, which do not, are bad. He also names them the secondary coil precepts which are rulings about things that we should or should not do because they uphold a primary precept.The theory of Natural Law as put antecedent by Aquinas, is based upon the religious view that God created the world, establishing in it a sense of order and purpose, which is a dir ect representation of His will. In the natural law approach to ethics, the action itself can either be natural or unnatural, and is judged on that basis. It does not depend for its moral law acknowledgment upon any results. Therefore, according to natural law, an action can be deemed good in itself, even if it brings about suffering.In conclusion, Natural Moral Law enables to establish rules in order to structure a community. It gives a cover reason to be moral and a firm basis from which to eliminate to step over moral boundaries. It provides justification and support for certain means ideas and it judges actions, irrespective of consequences. Natural Moral Law isnt just simply a set of rules, but a way of living. It gives steering on everyday questions on how to live and links them to the fundamental principles of life. It provides a complete system of moral living in step with what it is to be human.

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